Sligo is now more than a quarter century in existence. A book, called the book or psalter of ballymote, was written in irish by the monks of this place, and is yet extant. Transcribed from a topographical dictionary of ireland, 1840 by samuel lewis. It also contains treatises on metre and the profession of a poet, on the ogham writing and language. The phrase irish letters conjures up an image of the characteristic script early medieval monks used in such works as the 8th century book of kells or the 7th century book of durrow. The book of ballymote is an iconic and hugely important 14th century irish manuscript. The celtic alphabet known as ogham was invented, according to the medieval irish book of ballymote, by ogma sunface. The ogam tract also gives a variety of some 100 scales of variant or secret modes of writing ogham 92 in the book of ballymote, for example the shield ogham ogam airenach, nr. Ive been studying and practicing druidry for a little over a decade now and this is the most well rounded book i have found on the ogham. Some wellknown people from ballymote and the surrounding areas include. Media in category book of ballymote the following 11 files are in this category, out of 11 total. The ogham alphabet was inscribed on pillars of stone. Oct 20, 2008 the book of ballymote a collection of pieces prose and verse in the irish language, compiled about the beginning of the fifteenth century.
It also contains treatises on metre and the profession of a poet, and on the ogham writing and language. It has the ruins of the franciscan friary where the fourteenththcentury book of ballymote was written. Art deco theatre and cinema ballymote, hosts birthday parties for kids, local bingo on wednesdays, concerts, plays and many more events 087. Once the 2 nd largest town in the county, it is an important historical, agricultural, and tourist centre it offers a number of competition stretches in fishing, with perch, bream, pike, and rudd in abundance. Mar 03, 2011 all the props to michael kelly for such an in depth study on so many different aspects of the ogham. The 21 plants of ogma sunface each one stands for a sacred rune, and each for a lesson the ogham plants have remained the cornerstone of druid magic since the cad goddeu of ages past. Contact us ballymote heritage group ballymote heritage. Shortly after canon denis tighe became parish priest of ballymote in 1848, he set about planning for a new church for the parish. Official opening and lecture irish legal history at the turn of the century with a focus on county sligo, speaker.
The entrance, with a double towered gate, is in the north wall and had twin dshaped towers. There is a fort of rather unusual elevation about one mile from the town. The book of ballymote ogham alphabet, irish language, celtic. Copies of letters about book of ballymote 176190 and notes ria ms ordnance survey 14 b 1. The art deco theatre ballymote sligo home facebook. The following image of a ogham wheel is a segment from the 14thcentury book of ballymote, a manuscript that contains a collection of irish sagas, law texts, and genealogies, as well as a guide to the ogham alphabet. Meroney, a druidic liturgy in ogam bricrend, modern. Finger ogham equates the five letters of each pillar with the thumb and four fingers, such that the first letter of each pillar b, h, m, a are found from the tip to the base joint of the thumb, and so on. The ogams of the sun temple by david j eccott by profession, david eccott is a professional musician living and working in the uk. The equinox project reproduces this article by barry fell from the epigraphical society occasional papers vol. The book of ballymote was written in 90 or 91 in or near the town of ballymote, now in.
It was left for the 18th century irish poet eoghan ruadh ua suilleabhain 174884 to coin the name, consonantal ogam, and he did so in drawing attention to old, undeciphered, rockcut inscriptions in ireland, whose meaning remained a mystery figure d. Ogham phrases, sayings and blessings book of ballymote the book of ballymote leabhar bhaile an mhota, is an iconic and hugely important 14th century irish manuscript. Ogham archaic irish script posted on march 26, 2012 updated on april 15, 2012. Lecture sligos archaeology history and folklore as revealed through caves, speaker. Sources for the ogham tree alphabet include the ogham tract and 14th century book of ballymote transcribed by george calder as auraicept na neces named after the opening lines meaning primer of the poets or beginning of the lessons. Clive brights work poets day was chosen from 215 entries entered in the new online art competition, which offers an overall prize fund of. In lebor ogaim the book of ogams, also known as the ogam tract, is an old irish treatise. Auraicept na neces the scholars primer being the texts of the. Much of the information available on ogham has come from this manuscript currently housed in the royal irish academy in dublin.
This is one of my favourite places to go, either with the children who can use all facilities, borr. Please practice handwashing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. Contact us ballymote heritage group ballymote heritage group. The famous book of ballymote was partly compiled in ballymote castle about 91. This essay will explore what is known and what is unknown about this ancient irish script. Posts about book of ballymote written by graecomuse. Feldmarschall the 3rd earl of carlingford 16391704 the head of an old hibernonorman family, he became a seniorranking commander in the imperial army and the army of the holy roman empire, the armed forces of the habsburg dynasty. Since that date it has met without fail each month and has continued to devote itself to its stated aim of raising awareness of all matters of heritage and in particular promoting knowledge of and interest in all aspects of local history, archaeology. Ballymote is a growing market town in south county sligo, in the west of ireland. Book of ballymote the first ever recorded tornado in europe was recorded in ireland in 1054 ad at rosdalla near to kilbeggan, co. This powerful image from the ancient irish book of ballymote is known as fionns window and is a symbolic design representing the visionary abilities of the irish hero fionn mac cumhail who was a poet, warrior and seer. Professor o huiginn began by introducing us to the manuscript, its scribes, sources and patron. The book of ballymote leabhar bhaile an mhota, is an iconic and hugely important 14th century irish manuscript. The book of ballymote can be seen in the library of the royal irish academy, dublin.
The book of ballymote leabhar bhaile an mhota ria ms 23 p 12 written on vellum, probably around 91, the book of ballymote was produced by the scribes manus oduignan, solomon odroma, and robert mcsheedy, for tonnaltagh mcdonagh, whose clan kept the manuscript until the early 16th century, when it came into the hands of the odonnell clan. It is located in the townland of carrownanty on the outskirts of ballymote in southern county sligo, ireland. The ogham tract is independent of the auraicept, and is our main source for the briatharogaim. Since it was presented to the academy in 1785 many scholars have worked to decipher, disseminate and debate its content and form. The famous ballymote has been added to 23 tune sets. Charles parke, liverpool, to jeremiah duke, ballymote, ireland, 1831. A short walk from the castle will bring you to ballymote abbey. Art deco theatre and cinema ballymote, hosts birthday parties for kids, local bingo on wednesdays, concerts, plays and many. The book of ballymote is an iconic and hugely important 14th century irish. He has won prizes in international composition competitions, and is also a member of the examining panel for.
Leabhar na huidhre and the books of ui mhaine, ballymote, lecan and fermoy in bernadette cunningham and siobhan fitzpatrick eds, treasures of the royal irish academy library dublin, 2009, 1731. The book of ballymote indicates that there were a number of secret ways in which ogham could be used to communicate nonverbally. There are 33 recordings of this tune this tune has been recorded together with the kesh a few times, the swaggering jig a few times, the flower of the flock a few times, the flowers of edinburgh a few times and follow me down to carlow a few times. This area was known historically as atha cliath an chorainn, which roughly translates as the ford of the hurdles of corann. Part of the work is devoted to sagas of finn and brian boru, while the book of rights, which odonovan translated and edited in 1847, is taken entirely from the book of ballymote. Discoveries of ogham on ancient stones in the americas and canada lead to the firm belief that celtic traders and settlers made ogham an international tool for communication of belief and ritual. The ogam tract also gives a variety of some 100 variant or secret modes of writing ogham 92 in the book of ballymote, for example the shield ogham ogam airenach, nr. The book of ballymote a collection of pieces prose and verse in the irish language, compiled about the beginning of the fifteenth century. Founded on may 30th 1984, ballymote heritage group co. Oct 31, 2016 sources for the ogham tree alphabet include the ogham tract and 14th century book of ballymote transcribed by george calder as auraicept na neces named after the opening lines meaning primer of the poets or beginning of the lessons. Barry fell esop volume 22 page 87 next page return to epigraphy return to ogam scales. In 1900 ballymote had a population of 1,145, compared to 1,549 in 2016.
Many fine churches were being built around the diocese at this time under the guidance of the bishop, dr. The future is bright for ballymote artist independent. Ogam scales from the book of ballymote equinox project. Ogham text was written in ad, the old irish early medieval alphabet and the language from the book of ballymote, named for the parish of ballymote, county sligo. The book of ballymote details the ogham script of early gaelic.
The book of ballymote 91 the book of lecan 1416 these manuscripts refer to older sources. Catalogue of irish manuscripts in the royal irish academy dublin, 1943, fasc. Auraicept na neces the scholars primer being the texts of the ogham tract. Basque, west virginia 8th century, ireland, scotland, mayan, cuban indians this is where the examiners abilities to figure this mystery out take on an almost comical note to me at least. It has many similarities with beaumaris castle, in anglesey, wales, built by king edward i of england. It contains genealogical, topographical, biblical and hagiographical material, including lebor gabala book of the invasions, lebor na gceart book of rights, dindshenchas and a key to the ogham alphabet. Even the younger futhark are introduced as a kind of viking ogham nrs.
Barry fell, of the epigraphic society felt that the bricks were part of some type of language school at comalcalco, whe. This online exhibition takes a look at some of the scholarly works undertaken on the book of ballymote. This is the ogham alphabet and its how the preirish used to write. For example, damian mcmanus in his book a guide to ogam calls the ogham script as sophisticated and efficient as one could create.
Caislean bhaile an mhota is a large rectangular keepless castle, built around 0. Ballymote is on the main train line from dublin to sligo, with 8 trains daily each way. The window bears around it the 25 letters of the mysterious ogham alphabet, used by the celts to send messages to the gods. Leabhar na gceart book of rights, dinnsheanchas and a key to the ogham. It also has versions from latin of the destruction of troy and the history of philip and alexander of macedonia. Other articles where book of ballymote is discussed. For over a hundred years it was a treasured possession of the mcdonaghs of corran. Much of the information available on ogham has come from this manuscript currently housed in the royal irish academy in dublin and this information is thought to have been copied. Like many of its kind, has made history by its wanderings. The scholars primer, the values of the forfeda and the book of ogham. Book of ballymote leabhar bhaile an mhota royal irish academy.
One of the stranger ancient scripts one might come across, ogham is also known as the celtic tree alphabet. The scholars primer says that ogham was only to be used by learned men would they be monks or druids. This 500 page document includes sections on the invasions of ireland, the creation of the world, and a study of ogham writing. Dr laura malone maynooth the book of ballymote conference featured a range of distinguished speakers, who elucidated many aspects of the manuscript and its contents.
Closely related to the futhark runes of scandinavia, the originator of the ogham based his language. Some account of ancient irish treatises on ogham writing. In addition to shops and other services, ballymote has several factories and a small. The book of durrow written in halfuncial, trinity coll. This document, which supplied the key to the ancient ogham script used for writing the irish and pictish the duke family of new park do not seem to.271 507 851 580 1233 1133 600 1001 1281 1484 866 588 659 874 796 579 739 236 587 255 951 1254 703 1147 87 482 109 554 144 175 549 492 1468 1329 692 707 273 278