Free software means software that respects users freedom and community. Thus, free software is a matter of liberty, not price. They contain the linux kernel, gnu components and software from many. The gnu operating system and the free software movement. It is available in several different versions, but the most popular is the gnu linux system, which uses the linux kernel. Roughly, it means that the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. About this sound listen is an operating system and an extensive collection of. The license was originally written by richard stallman of the free software foundation fsf for the gnu project. Fsflas petition for canaima gnulinux to be free 20101207.
See the history section below for a list of changes that affect the definition of free software. In a gnulinux system, linux is the kernel component. Gnu pronounced gnew is a free unixlike operating system distributed by the free software foundation. Were not talking about a distinct gnu version of linux, the kernel. The debian free software guidelines dfsg part of the contract, initially designed as a set of commitments that we agree to abide by, has been adopted by the free software community as the basis of the open source definition. Since 1983, developing the free unix style operating system gnu, so that computer users can have the freedom to share and improve the software they use. The fsf provides critical infrastructure and funding for the gnu project, the foundation of the popular gnulinux family of free operating systems and the.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to. The dalai lama today announced the official release of yellow hat gnulinux. Front page free software foundation working together for free. The gnu general public license gnu gpl or gpl is a widelyused free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software. It is possible to write good free software without thinking of gnu. Bruce perens criou a versao inicial do open source definition. The gnu operating system consists of gnu packages programs specifically released by the gnu project as well as free software released by third parties. Fsfla launched o porco e a caixa, the translation to brazilian portuguese of mcms the pig. The gnu is one of the pillars of the free software. Since the gnu linux system is a popular version of linux, it is often referred to as simply linux. Analysis of the core team role in open source communities pdf. Le gnu pour gnu nest pas unix en francais est lun des piliers du monde du logiciel libre. The free gnu linux distros do have a separate version of linux, since the standard version contains nonfree firmware blobs. A minority of the software used by most of linux distributions, such as the x window system, is licensed under permissive free software licenses.
A shorter version was recorded the next day at radio software livre. Using the name gnulinux is a way for people to remind themselves and inform others of these goals. Besides gnu s own packages, the gnu projects licenses are used by many unrelated projects, such as the linux kernel, often used with gnu software. The fsf also notes that open source has exactly one specific meaning in common english. Free software is a matter of the users freedom to run, copy, distribute, study.356 692 464 697 120 791 1192 680 1497 738 930 1040 297 47 1142 930 41 459 882 1072 976 989 906 551 146 1053 837 480 472 1494 229 41 1170 541 797 1345 299